Stephen Koschal ~ Autograph Services
Serving Collectors, Libraries, Institutions, Autograph Galleries and Dealers Since 1967

7155 Sand Crest View, Colorado Springs, CO 80923 USA ~ Phone (561) 315-3622 ~ skoschal@aol.com

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In the course of my 60 years in the autograph industry, I have been very active. I have been a member of all the major hobby related organizations including Gold Coast Autograph Collector's Club, the original International Autograph Collector's Club and Dealer's Alliance, the Manuscript Society, F.A.C.E. (England), German Autograph Collectors Club (ada1986) and the Autograph Collector's Club of India.



F or these organizations I have written hundreds of autograph related educational articles for their journals. I have written articles for magazines namely Autograph Times, Autograph Collector, Autograph Quarterly, Sports Collectors Digest and Autographensammler.

I have also authored 13 books and signature studies on autographs many of which can be found on this web site.

Continuing education is important to me. I was instrumental in creating the 14 different autograph educational courses taught in New York, Chicago, Los Angeles. Dallas, Miami, Ft. Lauderdale and Washington, DC. For a few of these courses I was also the instructor. I was the creator of the first Internet Autograph Educational Course of which hundreds of collectors and dealers successfully completed.

I am the recipient of many awards from autograph organizations both here and abroad. Members of Compuserve voted me the "1994 Philographer of the Year." For many years I have worked with law enforcement. I have represented many collectors and dealers as an expert witness in civil courts around the United States. I was an expert witness representing the United States of America and the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Federal Court for "Operation Bullpen during 2003-2004". The forger, Steve Lyons went to prison based on my testimony.


F.B.I. Testimonial Letter

Stephen Koschal is well known as a legendary pioneer in the autograph hobby/industry working with law enforcement on International levels. The following is just one of many testimonials:

U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation

March 25, 2004

Mr. Stephen Koschal:

On behalf of the FBI, I thank you for your assistance in the investigation and prosecution of forger Steve Lyons, one of the convicted subjects in the FBI's Operation Bullpen case.  The hours you spent working with Special Agent Timothy Fitzsimmons and Assistant United States Attorney Melanie Pierson were very helpful to the government's case. Your knowledge and professionalism resulted in Judge Jeffrey T. Miller accepting your trial testimony, after qualifying you as an expert witness in this matter. You should know that in the recent sentencing of Steve Lyons, Judge Miller singled out your expert testimony as very illuminating.  In describing the overwhelming evidence against Lyons, Miller noted that even without Lyon's recorded conversations, the government presented a clear case that was clarified through your testimony.  Judge Miller ultimately sentenced Lyons to 36 months in federal prison. I also want to thank you for your continuing assistance to law enforcement in combating memorabilia fraud. I know you have assisted SA Fitzsimmons, as well as other agencies, on other matters and I encourage you to continue in this worthwhile endeavor.

Signed: Kenneth W. Boschen, Supervisory Special Agent

For years I was a very active member of the U.A.C.C. I participated in most of their events and was elected a Director by the membership. It wasn't until I became a club officer that I was able to attend closed meetings and understand what went on behind the scenes. At one point, as a Director, I had no choice but to file very serious ethics charges against the President of the Club. The club did not follow their own rules that are well documented in the club Constitution. The ethics board refused to act on the charges and would not even acknowledge receipt of my complaint. The complaint filed by me was done in good faith and in the overall best interest in the club and its future. I was told by a another Board member that I was not being a team player. For my well intentioned efforts, that same Board member decided to fabricate a list of sinuous complaints against me. I chose to no longer want to be associated with anything that even resembled this group. Afterwards, the club posted more ridiculous fabrications about me. However, they realized the err of their ways and deleted the story on their web site. Many collectors and dealers were horrified of the club's deceptive efforts. A huge percentage of collectors and dealers would not renew their membership. The UACC is now a shade of its former self. Since then, a club Director, directed by the club President, has asked me to rejoin the UACC. I have refused and will continue to do so as long as a handful of old dead wood remain in the drivers seat.

The following is what the President of the U.A.C.C. had to say about me in writing.

“...I want to thank you for doing so much to promote autograph collecting in general and the U.A.C.C. in particular....”  March 3, 1993, Bob Erickson, President, U.A.C.C.

Below, you will read statements, from  another president of the U.A.C.C. who was a member of the Ethics Committee, a V/P of the U.A.C.C. and a Board Member.

I have worked and helped the fraud division of eBay. In the past I have been asked to assist all the high profile companies who claim to authenticate autographs. I have also been asked to join their staff but refuse to do so. Because of all the mistakes made by all the authenticating companies, I simply can't afford to have my name placed on their Certificates of Authentication for items I would not see.

The following is a partial grouping of assorted testimonials from both autograph collectors, dealers and autograph authenticators.

"I, Michael Frost President and lead authenticator of P.A.A.S. Professional Autograph Authentication Services have known Stephen Koschal for over 20 years. I am proud to have worked with Stephen Koschal for many of those years on autograph studies and autograph authentication. I would consider him as the top autograph expert in the world today. Stephen Koschal's library of autograph exemplars is second to none and I have had the pleasure of using and viewing his autograph exemplar library. Stephen Koschal has written many books and 100's of articles on autograph collecting and autograph reviews and authentication. Stephen Koschal is one of my teachers and mentors when it comes to autograph studies and authentication. I have spent 100's of hours working with Stephen Koschal as well as reviewing his authentication work. I have always found him to be very professional and one of the most honest people I ever met within the autograph industry. In all the years I have known Stephen Koschal and worked with him I can not recall a single item ever being returned or questioned on the basis of authentication."..........................................................................................................Mike Frost, Florida

"....I'd like to meet you. I am trying to learn more about signatures and how to authenticate them. I've been buying and collecting autographs for 6 years.  You are one of the few professionals who seems  knowledgeable, sincere and reasonable...." T.H. North Carolina

".Steve, thanks so much for your opinion....there are few people in this industry I have trust in their judgment like you" .....................................................................Jimmy Spence

"I really admire your passion in your writings. Thanks for reassuring me, I really appreciate it and sharing your extensive knowledge. I feel that your opinion is more than enough..." P.B., Victoria, Australia

"...I respect you and consider you a friend... You're an autograph encyclopedia" ................................................................................Steve Cyrkin, Former owner of Autograph Collector Magazine, California

"...I love you and admire your energy... I have always looked at you as an honest man and true friend .....................................................................................Roger Epperson, Texas, JSA Authenticator

"...your work may have helped change the certs which now clearly say that only one or more have looked at the item. Thus in some regard you have been part of the solution... hope your voice changes other policy... in fact when people ask me about you and your expertise I always give you glowing reports in fact I say that you are among the few left who really knows what he's doing..." .................................................................John Reznikoff, Connecticut, PSA and JSA Authenticator

"Stephen Koschal- one of the Founding Fathers of Modern Day Autograph Collecting.."  Kevin Martin, Corona, Ca.

"Stephen Koschal..one of the finest experts on autographs in the world today..." Richard Payne, Georgia

"....Anyone who knows Steve well has great respect for his depth of knowledge of autographs and the hobby .................................................................................Elwin Fraley, MD. Minnesota, Autograph Dealer

"...Bob (Eaton) asked if I could ask you for a favor... would it be possible for you to type up a general endorsement of our company on your letterhead... as far as we are concerned, you are one of, if not the most respected autograph authorities we know, and it we think it would be quite impressive to have a good word from you about us..."..............................................Ron Lavallee, New Hampshire, RR Auction


"I have nothing but admiration for you Steve-- amazing things for sale, brilliant knowledge of the autograph industry. I consider you a pioneer in this field-- I have only been involved 5 or 6 years. Never met anyone as decent and versed as you in this hobby/industry. Always a pleasure to speak with!!! "..............................................Chris Carrington, Ct.

"your experience always brings a smile to my face...." Richard Simon, Sports Autograph Expert/Authenticator

"...he is interested in becoming a certified authenticator. I hope you don't mind my giving him your name... .you can set him straight on what it takes to become an expert... " ............................Chris Jaeckel, New York, Walter Benjamin Autographs

"...I sit in humble awe-oh great one! The advice was priceless... " ..................................................................................................................Gerard A.J. Stodolski, New Hampshire, Autograph Dealer

"You're a good man...a gentleman and a scholar."
..................................................................................................................H. Pollard, Arkansas

"...Jimmy (James Spence) and I needed a second opinion on this Nixon piece, and we would like your thoughts..." ..............................................Steve Grad, California, Authenticator PSA/DNA

"...as a matter of public record, Collectors Universe paid over $300,000 in the twelve months ended June 30, 2004 for errors....we continually seek the advice and council of competent individuals outside our organization in the collectibles market-dealers, auctioneers, collectors-such as you..." ..........................................Michael Haynes, California, Chief Executive Officer, PSA/DNA

"...what I really appreciate is the fact that you turn collecting autographs into a science and that is exactly what our hobby deserves..." .................................Dr. Heinz-Ulrich Kammeier, Germany, V/P, German Autograph Club

"...you have a lot of new ideas for promoting our hobby around the world. I and our club are always with you....we are thankful for your active support to "Autograph Peace museum." Our idea is to display the World Peace message duly autographed by the World renowned personalities in the Museum. I will send you the full details of the Museum soon. The same was schedule to be open this month but are getting delayed due to internal construction work. I think this will be the first such Autograph Museum in the World. We want you to be actively involved with the Museum. In fact we want you to be one of our Honorable Guests to Inaugurate the Museum. If you kindly give your precious consent to inaugurate the Museum then we will open it as per your convenience date. Since our other guest likely to be the Dalai Lama will be in India based so the date will not be a problem for him. Sending herewith on "Autograph For Peace" card to be autographed by you. Kindly also write some message on "World Peace" and return....." .......................................Santosh Kumar Lahoti, Founder Autograph Peace museum, Founder of Autograph Collectors Club of India

"Steve, thanks for looking out for everyone. You're a breath of fresh air..."  K. Teraoka, La Palma, CA

"Stephen Koschal is a legend in the world of autographs! Highest integrity! Richard Payne, Duluth, Ga"

"We have been using (name withheld but one of the two high profile authenticating companies) as  third party authenticators. I am starting to really have some doubts about their expertise in vintage entertainment. I am attaching 9 Sinatra signatures. Can you help by examining them...could you give it a quick look-over and get back to me? I hope all is well with you and I thank you for your last minute help.".........................Doug Norwine, Texas, Director Music & Entertainment, Heritage Galleries/Auctioneers

"...Bill (Miller, Autograph Collector Magazine) is a blessing to me. He is truly my best friend and best mentor a person could have. I'm very thankful that through him, I got to know who you are better because he is so honest that I know that when he thinks highly of someone like he does of you, it is dead on target... I would have just liked to see eBay reach out to someone like you in the cases they needed guidance... I think your views on how eBay should correct their problems are important and they should listen. When someone has done something as long as you have, there is wisdom that many can benefit... " .........................................................................Brandon Mysinger, California, Global Authenticator, eBay Authenticator

"...considering your recent articles, I wanted to bring to your attention an item that I have received several reports about... unfortunately, the authenticators that advise me on these matters are torn as to the authenticity of this piece. I wanted to bring it to your attention in the hopes that you could shed light on this item... I am writing in the hopes of establishing a direct relationship with you so that similar items may be properly auctioned... "............................John Gonzales, California, Ebay Inc. Fraud Agent

"...I just wanted you to know I congratulate you on your win. I voted for you! ...I was so disgruntled with Herman (Darvick) I chose not to run for V.P. again...I'm glad to see you back.." .............................Paul Carr, Maryland, V/P, U.A.C.C.

"...thanks for the support of the ethics board. It makes life easier with guys like you pulling on the same side of the rope...word has just reached me that you have resigned from the UACC. If this is true I want to say a few things. One, you are an excellent autograph scholar whose books no one can take away from you. Two, you are an excellent autograph dealer and are welcome at my autograph fairs. Three, during your service to the UACC many of your suggestions were adopted...no one can take your years of service to autograph collecting away. Four, you fought the fight with all your strength. I will remember how you worked to get a bad dealer expelled, regardless of his position in the UACC, and no one can take that from you. If you have chosen to put your efforts where they will bear sweeter fruit, so be it..." .................................................Michael Hecht, California, President, UACC

"...this I will press on our members and committee all the UACC not just the UACC UK, Even Bob Erickson (President UACC) agrees with me and it was he who suggested that I ask you to rejoin theUACC..."................... Roy Deeley, Director UACC.

"...formally express our firm's sincere appreciation, and the appreciation of our client, Bill Miller on whose behalf you testified in the recent case against Collectors Universe, Inc. The jury returned a verdict in Bill's favor, in large part due to your testimony explaining the inner workings of the autograph authentication industry. It was quite telling that after I finished my direct examination of you, Collectors Universe's lawyers chose not to ask you one question on cross examination. If we ever need to retain an expert witness in the field of autograph authentication, you will be our first choice..."
................................................... Andrew S. Albert, Boudreau, Albert & Wohlfeil, LLP Attorneys At Law, San Diego, CA

"...on behalf of the FBI, I thank you for your assistance in the investigation and prosecution of forger Steve Lyons, one of the convicted subjects in the FBI's Operation Bullpen case. The hours you spent working with Special Agent Timothy Fitzsimmons and assistant United States Attorney Melanie Pierson were very helpful in the government's case. Your knowledge and professionalism resulted in Judge Jeffrey T. Miller accepting your trial testimony, after qualifying you as an expert witness in this matter, You should know that in the recent sentencing of Steve Lyons, Judge Miller singled out your expert testimony as very illuminating... Judge Miller ultimately sentenced Lyons to 36 months in federal prison. I also want to thank you for your continuing assistance to law enforcement in combating memorabilia fraud... I encourage you to continue in this worthwhile endeavor." .................................................................................Kenneth W. Boschen, California, Supervisory Special Agent, FBI

"...your last letter was of great help to me and I enormously appreciate your efforts in trying to stop the forgers, not just of my appraisals, but in every area... " .........................Charles Hamilton, New York, World's Acknowledged Authority on Autographs

"...my compliments on the superb reputation you have earned in your field..." ........................................................................................Seymour Halpern, New York Congressman, Collector

"..thank you very much for the interesting and informative signature study of my signature. I am most grateful for an excellent analysis. I will look into the franking signature situation..." Gerald R. Ford, President of the United States.

"...my best regards to a great friend and mentor in the art of book collecting..."

"...it is obvious that you are in the right field and I appreciate having the benefit of your talents..."

"...I write a bi-monthly column on books for a local Oregon newspaper, and would like to note this as one of the best Hoover pieces, but would first like an affirmation from an expert like yourself..."

"...because you have my utmost confidence and respect in your judgment pertaining to the value of precious books and collections, I thought I might impose on our friendship a bit and ask you if you would consider..."

"...as I reflect over the years that God has given me, I am thankful for all the blessings that have come my way. Certainly I count you in that number!"
....................................................................................Mark O. Hatfield, United States Senator, Oregon

"...reflecting upon the visit by you, I am not sure I can really convey to you the interest and excitement you caused when you shared your afternoon and experience with the children. I shall do my best to keep this very considerable spark alive. From your story of Julius Caesar to Bogart you had the rapt attention of all. I was impressed by your preparation, the history of paper...." ......................................................Katharine Poulton, Florida, Four Arts Children's Library

"...the good guy award is a good thing... I nominate you first simply because of all your service to the hobby for all the decades... trying to help the UACC yet they don't truly thank you... You have led the fight against corruption, against those that sell bad items under the cover of third party scams. You have called out the jokesters..." ...................................Todd Mueller, Colorado, Autograph Auctioneer

"...I've done a lot of business with ... and he gave you the highest marks as an autograph dealer and good guy..." ...................................................................G.K. Collector

"...I think you are one of the most knowledgeable and honest authorities on the subject and I think you have done a world of good for the autograph collecting community, would you do me the honor of sending me your signature..." ......................................................................S.W. Oklahoma, Collector

"...keep up the good work bringing out the less than scrupulous dealers into the light..." .......................................................................R.H., Pennsylvania, Collector

"...you are a fountain of knowledge and the wisdom that only experience can instill..." ...........................................................................G.C., New Mexico, Collector

"...it's not common to find people like you that have a dedication in this hobby for the amount of years of experience you have. You are truly one in a zillion" .......................................................................T.S, Kansas, Collector


"...I have just read your article in the Pen & Quill...thank you for contributing your remarkable experience with us members of the U.A.C.C." .......................................................................J.R., Massachusetts, Collector

"...may I say how very helpful your article is... which appears in the Pen & Quill. I would add that I believe it is among the most helpful essays published during my membership in the UACC... thanks for your continuing efforts on behalf of the rest of us. Again, know of my personal appreciation for all your service to our avocation... " ...............................................F.M., Arizona, Collector

"...I am grateful that my friend... of Georgia took the initiative to recommend you highly to me as not only an expert but as a man of integrity as well..." .......................................................................F.K., Illinois, Collector

"...you are one of my most admired persons who had inspired me in my life... may I have a signed picture of you..." .......................................................................R.L., Singapore, Collector

"...just to let you know I received your immediate answer to my request....I think you're a class act...." .......................................................................R.F., Florida, Collector

"...I am a fellow member of the UACC, through which I have become acquainted with your fine reputation as a dealer and an appraisal specialist..." .......................................................................B.K., Washington, Collector

"...may I add a word of appreciation for your excellent article...I fear that, as I read it, I found myself breaking the Commandment which forbids envy! ...you have rendered a service to both the neophyte and experienced collector..." .......................................................................Reverend B.M., Indiana, Collector

"...I have never had a problem getting a refund after providing a copy of your findings. I am very grateful for the service you provide, it is invaluable to me. I hope the enclosed JFK is authentic...I am learning and gaining valuable experience from my contact with you..." .......................................................................H.M., Georgia, Collector/Dealer

"...thanks to you for continuing the good fight. Decent collectors like myself are very dependent on equally decent professionals like yourself..." .......................................................................J.J., Pennsylvania, Collector

"...your willingness to take the time to help a new collector is, unfortunately not universal It speaks well of you and I want to express my appreciation..." ........................................................................J.S., California, Collector

"...thank you once again Stephen for writing and being so kind. You've restored my faith in people, I thought that all people were out for what they could get. I know now that there are still people who like to share... God Bless You ..." .......................................................................R.W., Connecticut, Collector

"...your reputation as a "professional" is enhanced with our every transaction..."...B.W., California, Collector

"...Steve Koschal, has discovered that there is quite a market for Ronnie Biggs autographs. Steve is an autograph expert..." .......Ronnie Biggs, Brazil, quote from his book "Odd Man Out, My Life On The Loose And The Truth About The Great Train Robbery.

“....oh well-you know what a great service I think you do for the collecting community at large....”
........................................Bill Butts, Main Street Fine Books & Manuscripts.

“...keep up the great work...you are the only breath of fresh air out there right now...”
..................................................Brenda Johnson-AllStar Enterprises

“....your contributions to the hobby are invaluable...”
..............................Richard Beckwith

“....there is not many autograph celebrity experts like you.....”
....................................Eduardo Castellop, Spain

“...Thank you so much for your service...other than watch dogs like you there isn’t anyone protecting this hobby that I love.....”
.................................................Michael Blau 

“....I’ve been recommending your site to many of my friends who collect historical autographs...”
..................................Raymond  Kong

“....Of all the business experiences I have had in my life the worst part of it has been in the autograph portion, with its fake autographs, crooked dealers, and authenticators who don’t know what they are talking about. The worst think that happens is greed takes over and one looses his principals. Keep up the good work....”
.............................................Joe Boiros

“....again, I love what you are doing, and as someone who recognizes that there are very few of us with knowledge of autographs and the courage to stand up to this crap, your efforts are much appreciated.  I can assure you that I will be referring people to your site. As many as I can....”
..........................................................Alan Hartman

“....thanks for your long and tireless efforts to make this a better business & hobby.....”
.................................................Billy Smith

“....Steve, to be honest, I have only you to thank for making me an educated autograph collector...as far as I’m concerned, you are the only one out there trying to protect the hobbyist as well as keeping us vigilant in the fight against fraud and forgeries...”
...............................................................Bob Shinn

“...if someone would like to call, if possible I’d appreciate it if it could be Steve Koschal...I have spoken to him in the past, and I have found him to be extremely knowledgeable ....in response to sincere inquiries questioning the item (Ed Delahanty autographed letter) by very knowledgeable people, Ron Keurajian and Steve Koschal was to gather additional information on our own and present it to JSA.  Some of it obviously had great value, as the response from JSA was to pull the lot...”
.....................................................Robert Lifson, President, Robert Edward Auctions

"As a long time collector of presidential autographed material, and particularly signed executive Mansion and The White House cards, I've long ben an admirer of yours. I've voraciously read your book on The White House cards and am quite convinced that your are the definitive expert on the subject....given that I consider you to be the foremost expert on these cards and also have no doubt that you are an expert authenticator in general
..............................................P.C., N.Y".

“...Steve, glad to see someone honest has gotten into the business of autograph authentication.."
.........................................................................Barb Pengelly- The Autograph Lady

"In the December 23, 2005, Sports Collectors Digest, autograph dealer Stephen Koschal offers his thoughts on provenance. Koschal, who is generally considered the nation's leading authority on presidential autographs, states:..." .......................................................................Ron Keurajian, Michigan, Baseball Hall of Fame Autograph Expert, Author of Baseball Hall of Fame Autographs, A Reference Guide, 2012.


"...I have tremendous respect for your knowledge..." 
...........................................C.C., CT.

"...an esteemed friend and colleague in the field of exposing the fakes and frauds - I can't thank you enough for all of your help and generosity in sharing your wealth of knowledge
..............................................Peter Nash, N.Y.



Stephen Koschal ~ Autograph Services
Serving Collectors, Libraries, Institutions, Autograph Galleries and Dealers Since 1967

7155 Sand Crest View, Colorado Springs, CO 80923 USA ~ Phone (561) 315-3622 ~ skoschal@aol.com