- John D. Sloat (1781-1867). US Naval Officer and Military Commander of California.
Claimed California for the United States at the outbreak of the
Mexican-American War (1846).
- Sloat served on the USS Grampus, USS
Franklin, USS Washington, and USS St. Louis. In 1844
he was appointed to command the Pacific Squadron, and in 1845,
as tensions with Mexico grew, he was instructed to land in Alta
California and claim it for the United States if war broke out.
Receiving a report of fighting on the Texas border while off
Mazatlán, he raced north (the British were reportedly
interested in California, too), engaged in a skirmish called
the Battle of Monterey, raised the flag over the Customs House
at Monterey on July 7, 1846, and issued a proclamation announcing
that California was now part of the United States.
- Partly-printed Document Signed, being a receipt for pay, payable United States
Navy Yard, New York, December 1, 1851, $254.58. Boldly Signed,
"John D. Sloat".
In fine condition and a choice Naval and California collectible.